National Federation of Indian Women

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National Federation of Indian Women
Nfiwlogo.JPG
AbbreviationNFIW
Formation4 June 1954 (67 years ago) (1954-06-04), Calcutta, India
TypeWomen Organisation
Headquarters1002, Ansal Bhawan, 16, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi - 110001
General Secretary
Annie Raja
President
Aruna Roy
AffiliationsWomen's International Democratic Federation (WIDF)
Websitenfiw.wordpress.com

The National Federation of Indian Women is a women's organisation in India, the women's wing of the Communist Party of India.[1][2][3] It was established in 1954 June 4 by several leaders from Mahila Atma Raksha Samiti including Aruna Asaf Ali.[4][5][6]

Annie Raja is the current General Secretary and Aruna Roy is the current president of NFIW.[7]

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss addressing at a Programme on Female Foeticide, organised by the National Federation of Indian Women, in New Delhi on July 13, 2007
Mohd. Hamid Ansari lighting the lamp at the valedictory function of the birth centenary of late Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali, organized by the National Federation of Indian Women, in New Delhi on July 16, 2009

History[edit]

The first Congress of the NFIW (Calcutta, June 4, 1954) was held against the backdrop of the Cold War and military pacts, lending a certain poignancy to its declaration of “unshakeable opposition to large scale armaments, weapons of mass destruction such as hydrogen bomb, atom bomb and bacteriological weapons.”

Inspired by a vision of women across the globe uniting against imperialism, poverty and disease, leading figures such as Vidya Munshi, Ela Reid, Hajrah Begum, Anna Mascarene, Renu Chakravartty, Tara Reddy, Shanta Deb and Anasuya Gyanchand participated in meetings of the Women's International Democratic Federation (WIDF), World Conference of Mothers (Lausanne, 1955), Afro-Asian Women's Conference (Cairo, 1961), the anniversary of the victory of Vietnam (Ho Chi Minh city, 1977), and so on.

From Vijaywada in Andhra Pradesh, in 1957, NFIW President Pushpamayee Bose issued a rousing appeal: “We, the women of the Federation declare that we do not want war, neither here nor anywhere in the world… We demand from the Big Powers not only stoppage of all nuclear tests but cessation of all wars for the world good - we ask them not to waste their men, money and brains on war preparation but use it for the well-being of their countries”.

Many women's organisations joined NFIW, united by the common goal of securing women's rights. At the founding conference in 1954, 39 organisations had already joined in, yielding a membership of nearly 1.3 lakh women from peasants, workers, tribals, dalits and refugees to professionals, artists and intellectuals. Constituent organisations included Mahila Atma Raksha Samiti (MARS, West Bengal), Punjab Lok Istri Sabha, Nari Mangal Samiti (Orissa), and Manipur Mahila Samiti.[8]

Presidents[edit]

  1. Pushpamoyee Bose (1954-1957)
  2. Anusuya Gyanchand (1957-1962)
  3. Kapila Khandvala (1962-1967)
  4. Aruna Asaf Ali (1967-1986)
  5. Dr. Nirupama Rath (1986-1994)
  6. Deena Pathak (1994-2002)
  7. Dr. K. Saradamoni (2002-2008)
  8. Aruna Roy (2008 - till date)

General Secretaries[edit]

  1. Anusuya Gyan Chand (1954-1957)
  2. Hajrah Begum (1954-1962)
  3. Renu Chakravartty (1962-1970)
  4. Vimla Farooqui (1970-1991)
  5. Tara Reddy (1991-1994)
  6. G. Sarla Devi (1994-1999)
  7. Amarjeet Kaur (1999-2002)
  8. Sehba Farooqui (2002-2005)
  9. Annie Raja (2005 - till date)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Susanne Kranz (2015). Between Rhetoric and Activism. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 21. ISBN 978-3-643-90648-9.
  2. ^ Gail Minault (1989). The Extended Family: Women and Political Participation in India and Pakistan. Chanakyai Publications. p. 227. ISBN 978-81-7001-054-8.
  3. ^ Elisabeth Armstrong (7 November 2013). Gender and Neoliberalism: The All India Democratic Women’s Association and Globalization Politics. Routledge. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-317-91142-5.
  4. ^ Menon, Parvathi. Breaking Barriers: Stories of Twelve Women. New Delhi: LeftWord, 2005. p. 37
  5. ^ Overstreet, Gene D., and Marshall Windmiller. Communism in India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959. p. 402
  6. ^ "Book on history of Indian women's movement launched". business-standard.com.
  7. ^ "21st Congress of NFIW". communistparty.in.
  8. ^ "Women demand food security, better conditions". the hindu.com.