Lyle and Erik Menendez

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Lyle and Erik Menendez
Menendez brothers - mug shot.jpg
Mug shots of Lyle (left) and Erik Menéndez (right)
BornJoseph Lyle Menéndez
(1968-01-10) January 10, 1968 (age 53)
New York, New York, U.S.
Erik Galen Menéndez
(1970-11-27) November 27, 1970 (age 51)
Blackwood, New Jersey, U.S.
Criminal statusIncarcerated at Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility (both)[1]
Parent(s)José and Mary "Kitty" Menéndez
Criminal chargeFirst-degree murder, conspiracy to commit murder
PenaltyLife in prison without the possibility of parole (both)
Details
DateAugust 20, 1989
Location(s)Beverly Hills, California
Target(s)José and Kitty Menéndez
Killed2
WeaponsMossberg 12-gauge shotgun
Date apprehended
March 8, 1990 (Lyle)
March 11, 1990 (Erik)

Joseph Lyle Menéndez (born January 10, 1968) and Erik Galen Menéndez (born November 27, 1970) are American brothers who were convicted in 1996 for the murders of their parents, José and Mary ("Kitty") Menéndez.

During the trial, the brothers stated that they committed the murders in fear that their father would kill them after they threatened to expose him for years of sexual, emotional, and physical abuse, while the prosecution argued that they did it to inherit their father's multimillion dollar estate. They were first tried separately, with one jury for each brother. Both juries deadlocked, which resulted in a mistrial. For the second trial, they were tried together by a single jury, which found them guilty, and as a result, they were sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.

Background[edit]

Lyle and Erik's father, José Enrique Menéndez, was born on May 6, 1944, in Havana, Cuba. At age 16, he moved to the United States, shortly after the beginning of the Cuban Revolution.[2] José attended Southern Illinois University, where he met Mary Louise "Kitty" Andersen (1941–1989). They married in 1963 and moved to New York City, where José earned an accounting degree from Queens College.[3] The couple's first son, Joseph Lyle Menéndez, who goes by his middle name, was born on January 10, 1968.[4]

Kitty quit her teaching job after Lyle was born, and the family moved to New Jersey, where Erik was born on November 27, 1970, in Gloucester Township.[5][6][5] In New Jersey, the family lived in Hopewell Township in Mercer County, and both brothers attended Princeton Day School.[3] In 1986, José's career as a corporate executive took the family to Beverly Hills, California.[5][3] The following year, Erik began attending high school at Beverly Hills High, where he earned average grades and displayed a remarkable talent for tennis, ranking 44th in the United States for 18-and-under players.[7]

Crimes[edit]

On the evening of August 20, 1989, José and Kitty were sleeping on a couch in the den of their house in Beverly Hills when Lyle and Erik entered the den carrying shotguns.[8] José was shot in the back of the head with a Mossberg 12-gauge shotgun.[9] Kitty was awakened by the shots and got up from the couch. She was shot in the leg and fell, and was then shot several times in the arm, chest, and face, leaving her unrecognizable.[10][11]

When they returned home later that night, Lyle called 9-1-1 and shouted "Someone killed my parents!"[12] When officers from the Beverly Hills police department arrived, the brothers told them that the murders occurred while they were at a movie theater seeing Batman, and then they attended the annual "Taste of L.A." festival at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium. The police did not order the brothers to undergo gunshot residue tests to find out whether they recently used a firearm,[13] since at that time, there was no clear evidence that suggested they might be involved.

In the months after the murders, the police connected the brothers' lavish spending to the murders of their parents.[13] Lyle bought a Rolex watch, a Porsche Carrera, a $132,000 townhouse[14] in West Windsor, NJ, and Chuck's Spring Street Cafe,[15] a Buffalo wing restaurant in Princeton, New Jersey, while Erik hired a full-time tennis coach and competed in a series of tournaments in Israel. They eventually left the family mansion unoccupied, as they decided to live in adjoining condos in nearby Marina del Rey.[16] They also drove around Los Angeles in their deceased mother's Mercedes-Benz SL convertible, dined expensively, and went on overseas trips to the Caribbean and London.[17] It is believed that they spent somewhere around $700,000 during the period between the murders and their arrests, but the suspicion on the brothers for their spending was later disputed by family members, stating that there were no changes with their spendings before and after the killings.[13]

During the early stages of the investigation, the police tried to narrow their search to people who had motives to kill José and Kitty. They also investigated potential mob leads, but nothing came of them. As the investigation continued, the police believed that the brothers were most likely the perpetrators, since they had obvious financial motives, and were liberally spending money in the wake of the murders. In an attempt to get a confession from Erik, the police convinced Craig Cignarelli, one of Erik's close friends from high school and a tennis buddy, to wear a wire while having lunch with him at a local beachfront restaurant.[18] When Craig asked Erik if he killed his parents, Erik said "no", but he eventually confessed to doing so to his psychologist Jerome Oziel. Oziel then told his mistress, Judalon Smyth, about the murders. She later broke up with Oziel and told the police about the brothers' involvement.[19] Lyle was arrested on March 8, 1990, and Erik turned himself in three days later after returning to Los Angeles from Israel. Both were held without bail and separated from each other.[20]

In August 1990, Judge James Albrecht ruled that tapes of the conversations between Erik and Oziel were admissible evidence since Oziel stated that Lyle allegedly threatened him and violated doctor–patient privilege. Albrecht's ruling was appealed, and the proceedings were then delayed for two years. The Supreme Court of California ruled in August 1992 that most of these tapes were admissible, accepting the tape in which Erik discussed the murders.[21] After that decision, a Los Angeles County grand jury issued indictments in December 1992, charging the brothers with the murders of their parents.[22]

Trials[edit]

The case became a national sensation when Court TV broadcast the trial in 1993.[23] Their defense lawyer, Leslie Abramson, became known defending the brothers, particularly Erik. Lyle and Erik stated that they were driven to murder by a lifetime of abuse at the hands of their parents, especially sexual abuse at the hands of their father, who was described as a cruel perfectionist and pedophile. Meanwhile, their mother was described as an enabling, selfish, mentally unstable alcoholic and drug addict, who encouraged her husband's abuses and was also sometimes violent towards them.[24] The allegations against the couple were supported by their families, with multiple witnesses testifying. The brothers' cousin, Andy Cano, said that as a child, he was told by Erik about the sexual abuse, which they both described as "penis massages."[25] Another cousin of theirs who testified is Diane Vander Molen, who stated that she once told Kitty about José's molestation of Lyle, although Kitty told her that it was false.[26] Physical evidence was also provided by the defense, which included nude and sexual photographs showing Lyle and Erik's genitalia taken by their father when they were children. The prosecution argued, however, that the murders were done for financial gain. Lyle's prosecutor, Pam Bozanich, argued that "men could not be raped because they lack the necessary equipment to be raped."[27][28] Erik's prosecutor, Lester Kuriyama, suggested that Erik is a homosexual, and that the sexual abuse was actually consensual.[29][30]

A few weeks before the night of the murders, Lyle and Erik said that the sexual abuse started again, leading to several confrontations in the family. They also said that their father threatened to kill them if they did not keep the abuse a secret. At this time, the brothers found out that their parents were hiding rifles in their bedrooms, which led them to buying their own shotguns for protection. The last confrontation happened inside the house den on August 20, 1989, a few minutes before Kitty and José were killed. The brothers then stated that their father closed the den's door at that time, which is unusual. Paranoid and afraid that they would be killed by their own parents, Lyle and Erik went outside of the house to load their shotguns. Erik stated, "as I went into the room, I just started firing."[31]

The trial ended with two deadlocked juries, and as a result, Los Angeles County District Attorney Gil Garcetti announced immediately that the brothers would be retried. The second trial was somewhat less publicized, in part because Judge Stanley Weisberg did not allow cameras in the courtroom.[32] During the second trial, Weisberg also did not allow much defense testimony about the sexual abuse claims[33] and did not allow the jury to vote on manslaughter charges instead of murder charges.[34]

Both brothers were eventually convicted on two counts of first-degree murder and of conspiracy to commit murder; in the penalty phase of the trial, they were sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. The jury said that the abuse defense was not a factor in its deliberations, but decided not to impose the death penalty because both brothers had no criminal record or history of violence prior to the murders of their parents. However, unlike the juries in the previous trials, the jury in the penalty phase rejected the defense's theory that the brothers killed their parents out of fear, despite all the evidence and testimony, as it is believed that they committed the murders in order to inherit their father's wealth.[35]

During the penalty phase of the trial, Abramson apparently told a defense witness named William Vicary to edit his own notes, but the district attorney's office decided not to conduct a criminal investigation of Abramson.[36] Both brothers also filed motions for a mistrial, claiming that they suffered irreversible damage in the penalty phase as a result of possible misconduct and ineffective representation by Abramson. On July 2, 1996, Weisberg sentenced the brothers to life in prison without the possibility of parole, and also sentenced them to consecutive sentences for the murders and the charges of conspiracy to commit murder.

Incarceration[edit]

As in their pretrial detention, the California Department of Corrections separated the brothers and sent them to different prisons. Since they were considered to be maximum-security inmates, they were segregated from other prisoners.

They remained in separate prisons until February 2018 when Lyle was moved from Mule Creek State Prison in Northern California to the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego County;[37] where they were housed in separate units.

On April 4, 2018, Lyle was moved into the same housing unit as Erik, reuniting them for the first time since they began serving their sentences nearly 22 years earlier. The brothers burst into tears and hugged each other at their first meeting in the housing unit. The unit where they are housed is reserved for inmates who agree to participate in education and rehabilitation programs, without creating disruptions.[38][39][40]

Appeals[edit]

On February 27, 1998, the California Court of Appeal upheld their murder convictions, and on May 28, 1998, the Supreme Court of California declined to review the case, thus allowing the decision of the appellate court to stand.[4] Both brothers filed habeas corpus petitions with the Supreme Court of California, which were denied in 1999. Having exhausted their appeal remedies in state court, they filed separate habeas corpus petitions in the United States District Court. On March 4, 2003, a magistrate judge recommended the denial of the petitions,[citation needed] and the district court adopted the recommendation. They then decided to appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. On September 7, 2005, a three-judge panel denied both their habeas corpus petitions,[41] although Judge Alex Kozinski stated that the trial judge changed many of his rulings during the two trials.[42]

Marriages and interviews in prison[edit]

On July 2, 1996, Lyle married Anna Eriksson at a ceremony attended by Abramson and his aunt Marta Menéndez, and presided over by Judge Nancy Brown; they divorced on April 1, 2001[4] after Eriksson discovered that Lyle was allegedly cheating on her with another woman. In November 2003, Lyle married Rebecca Sneed at a ceremony in a supermax prison visiting area of Mule Creek State Prison; they knew each other for around ten years before their engagement.[43][44]

On June 12, 1999, Erik married Tammi Ruth Saccoman at Folsom State Prison in a prison waiting room. Tammi later stated: "Our wedding cake was a Twinkie. We improvised. It was a wonderful ceremony until I had to leave. That was a very lonely night."[45][46] In an October 2005 interview with ABC News, she described her relationship with Erik as "something that I've dreamed about for a long time. And it's just something very special that I never thought that I would ever have."[47]

In 2005, Tammi self-published a book titled They Said We'd Never Make It – My Life with Erik Menéndez, but she said on Larry King Live that Erik also "did a lot of editing on the book."[48]

In a 2005 interview with People, she stated:

"Not having sex in my life is difficult, but it's not a problem for me. I have to be emotionally attached, and I'm emotionally attached to Erik ... My family does not understand. When it started to get serious, some of them just threw up their hands."[45]

Tammi also stated that she and her daughter drive the 150 miles (240 km) every weekend to visit Erik, and that her daughter refers to him as her "Earth Dad".[45] Despite his life sentence, Erik stated: "Tammi is what gets me through. I can't think about the sentence. When I do, I do it with a great sadness and a primal fear. I break into a cold sweat. It's so frightening I just haven't come to terms with it."[45]

In 2010, A&E released a documentary about Tammi titled Mrs. Menéndez.[49] In late 2017, A&E aired a five-part documentary titled The Menendez Murders: Erik tells all in which Erik describes via telephone the murders and the aftermath. The series also shows never-before-seen photos and new interviews with prosecutors, law enforcement, close family and friends, and medical experts.[50]

In popular culture[edit]

Documentaries[edit]

  • In 2000, an episode from a documentary series by Court TV (now TruTV) titled Mugshots: Menendez Brothers – Blood Brothers was aired at FilmRise.[51]
  • In 2015, Barbara Walters Presents: American Scandals featured the Menendez brothers in an Episode titled "Menendez Brothers: The Bad Sons".[52]
  • In 2016, the Menendez brothers were featured in the true-crime documentary Snapped.
  • In 2017, the Menendez brothers were featured in a documentary titled Truth and Lies: The Menéndez Brothers – American Sons, American Murderers on ABC.
  • In 2017, HLN launched the new series How it Really Happened – with Hill Harper, with an episode featuring the Menendez brothers story. The episode is titled "The Menéndez Brothers: Murder in Beverly Hills", and it ends with a telephone interview of Lyle from jail with Chris Cuomo.[53]
  • In 2020, BuzzFeed Unsolved features the Menendez brothers in a one-episode special titled "How They Were Caught: The Menendez Brothers".[54]
  • In 2021, the Menendez brothers were subjects in ABC's 20/20 special titled "Inside the Menendez Movement". The special features the popularity of the brothers in the video-sharing social media app TikTok, and their growing number of supporters from young adults outside and inside of the United States.[55]

Films and series[edit]

Films[edit]

  • In 1994, the Menendez brothers were featured in the television film Menendez: A Killing in Beverly Hills on CBS. Lyle was portrayed by Damian Chapa, and Erik was portrayed by Travis Fine.
  • In 1994, the television film Honor thy Father and Mother: The True Story of the Menendez Murders features Lyle and Erik Menendez portrayed by Billy Warlock and David Berón, respectively.
  • In 1994, the Menendez brothers were loosely depicted in the crime film Natural Born Killers.
  • In 2017, the Menendez brothers were featured in the Lifetime television film Menendez: Blood Brothers (2017). Lyle was portrayed by Nico Tortorella, and Erik was portrayed by Myko Olivier.[56]

Television series[edit]

  • In 1990, the Law & Order Season 1 episode "The Serpent's Tooth" is loosely based on the Menendez Brothers case.
  • In 1991, Season 4's first episode of Jake and the Fatman, titled God Bless the Child, appears to be based on the Menendez killings, with the son and daughter of a shipping magnate killing him and their stepmother, so they won't lose their inheritance.
  • In 2008, the season 3 episode of 30 Rock titled "Gavin Volure" features Tracy Jordan making multiple references to the Menendez brothers as he fears that his own children will similarly attempt to kill him for his wealth, an act he termed as "Menendez-ing".
  • In 2016, the Menendez brothers were mentioned several times in the FX drama The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story (2016). Based on the true story of O. J. Simpson's highly televised trial, the series was set at the same time as the Menendez brothers' trials. There are several characters who have worked in the brothers' and O. J. Simpson's respective cases, such as Robert Shapiro, Lance Ito, and Gil Garcetti. Shapiro (portrayed by John Travolta) mentioned Erik in Episode 2 stating, "In fact, I arranged the surrender of Erik Menendez from Israel." This statement is based on the actual speech by Shapiro during Simpson's infamous Bronco chase, in an attempt to have him surrender to the police.[57]
  • In 2017, NBC aired Law & Order: True Crime – The Menéndez Murders. An 8-episode special from the Law & Order franchise, the series depicts the detailed killings, investigation, arrests, and trials of the Menendez brothers. Compared to its predecessors, the series portrays the brothers more sympathetically, focusing on the defense lead by lawyer Leslie Abramson, and the physical and sexual abuse allegations. Lyle was portrayed by actor Miles Gaston Villanueva, who received a Best Actor nomination at the 33rd Imagen Awards, while Erik was portrayed by actor and singer Gus Halper. Its premiere at the Paley Center for Media was attended by Lyle's family and friends, who praised the series' depiction of the brothers.[58] In an interview with Megyn Kelly Today after the first episode premiere, Lyle revealed that the series was "painful to watch", but the depiction of him by Villanueva is "surprisingly accurate" despite the producers and the actor not being able to communicate with him.[59] At the 2018 Primetime Emmy Award, the series made its entry with a nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series, with Edie Falco nominated for her portrayal of Abramson.[60]

Parody and black comedy[edit]

  • In 1993, Saturday Night Live aired a comedy sketch featuring guest host John Malkovich where the Menendez brothers blame the murder of their parents on their identical twin brothers.[61] In 2015, the Menendez brothers are referenced again in the sketch song "First Got Horny 2 U" from a Season 41 episode hosted by Elizabeth Banks.[62]
  • In 1996, the media hype surrounding the first trial was parodied in the dark comedy film The Cable Guy.
  • In 2016, the Menendez brothers were subjects of the weekly comedic ‘true-crime’ podcast The Last Podcast on the Left.

Others[edit]

  • The Menendez brothers are seen in the background of the 1990–1991 NBA HoopsMark Jackson basketball card in which the New York Knicks point guard is seen making a bounce pass and they appear to be sitting courtside behind Jackson.[63] In December 2018, eBay began terminating any auctions in which they are mentioned in the listing. The New York Knicks played 28 games during the period when the Menendez brothers went on a spending spree after the murders of their parents. Some e‑Bay sellers have continued to sell the card and have also altered the images accompanying the listing so that the Menendez brothers are neither mentioned in the listing nor seen in photos of the card accompanying the listing.[64]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CDCR – State of California Inmate Locator
  2. ^ "Jose Menendez". IMDb. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Johnson, John; Soble, Ronald L. (July 22, 1990). "The Menendez Brothers: Jose Menendez Gave His Sons Everything. Maybe Even a Motive for Murder". Los Angeles Times. p. 3.
  4. ^ a b c Pergament, Rachel. "The Menéndez Brothers". Crime Library. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Biography.com Editors. "Erik Menéndez Biography". biography.com. A&E Television Networks.
  6. ^ "Kitty Menendez". IMDb. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  7. ^ "A look back at the story – and coverage – of the Menendez murders". Community News. September 26, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  8. ^ "Lyle Menendez Finally Speaks From Prison, 27 Years After Killing His Parents". Us Weekly. January 4, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  9. ^ "True Crime Revisited: The Menendez Brothers Case". Biography.com. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  10. ^ Finn, Natalie (April 26, 2018). "Remembering the Insanity of the Menendez Brothers Murder Case". E! Online. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  11. ^ Poindexter, Joseph (March 26, 1990). "A Beverly Hills Paradise Lost". People. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  12. ^ "Why the Menendez Brothers Say They Killed Their Parents: Part 1". Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c Dunne, Dominick (October 1990). "Nightmare on Elm Drive". Vanity Fair. Beverly Hills police claimed to have been suspicious of the Menéndez brothers from the beginning.... But there was no proof – nothing to go on – merely gut reactions.
  14. ^ "Title deed to condo on Biscayne Ct in West Windsor, NJ". mercercounty.org. September 25, 1989. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  15. ^ "Chuck's Spring Street Cafe in Princeton, NJ". Princetonsrestaurants.com. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
  16. ^ "Here's How Much The Menendez Brothers Spent On Their Spree". Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  17. ^ "This Menendez Brothers Murder Map Puts the Crazy Story in Perspective". E! Online. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  18. ^ Dunne, Dominick (September 15, 2008). "The Menendez Murder Trial". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  19. ^ Abrahamson, Alan (November 16, 1993). "Menendez Therapist's Ex-Lover Testifies : Trial: She says Oziel wanted the brothers to confess on tape so he could 'control' them. Calls that the woman secretly recorded of the stormy affair are also played in court". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  20. ^ "The Arrest". Crime + Investigation. June 29, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  21. ^ "Menendez v. Superior Court (People) (1992)". Justia Law. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  22. ^ McMilla, Penelope (December 30, 1992). "Menendez Brothers Plead Innocent in Killings : Court: Grand jury indictment means trial in the deaths of their parents could begin in March". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  23. ^ Cagle, Jess (November 12, 1993). "Confessions of a Court TV Addict". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  24. ^ "The Menéndez Brothers". Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  25. ^ Menendez Brothers Trial – Andy Cano Testimony, retrieved May 31, 2021
  26. ^ "Lyle and Erik Menendez's Cousin Who Testified About Their Sexual Abuse Speaks Out for 1st Time". ABC News. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  27. ^ "Lyle Menendez on 'Skepticism' of His Sexual Abuse Claims – Which Prosecutors Call an 'Excuse'". sg.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  28. ^ "87-CA v. Menendez: OPJ: Lyle Menendez Jury Instructions". Court TV. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  29. ^ "Erik Menendez's Testimony on Sexual Identity Reviewed: Trial: Jury takes notes while listening to defendant's earlier description of confusion about his orientation". Los Angeles Times. January 8, 1994. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  30. ^ "112-CA v. Menendez: Lyle Menendez Prosecution Rebuttal". Court TV. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  31. ^ The Erik Menendez Testimony: Lies, Incest, & Murder (1993), retrieved May 31, 2021
  32. ^ Chiasson, Lloyd (1997). The Press on Trial: Crimes and Trials as Media Events. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 200. ISBN 9780313300226. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  33. ^ "Legal Loophole Could Give Murderous Brothers Erik And Lyle Menendez Chance For New Trial". CBS Los Angeles. November 17, 2016.
  34. ^ "Tammi Menendez on Loving Erik". ABC News. September 27, 2002.
  35. ^ Abrahamson, Alan (April 3, 1994). "Little Remains of Menéndez Estate, Records Show : Courts: Inheritance of $14.5 million was lost to taxes, lawyers' fees and inflated real estate appraisals, probate files reveal". Los Angeles Times.
  36. ^ "Menendez Lawyer Won't Face Investigation". The New York Times. October 12, 1997. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  37. ^ Inmate Locator. CDCR (Report). State of California.
  38. ^ "Menendez brothers who killed parents reunited in California prison". Detroit Free Press. April 7, 2018. p. 3C. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  39. ^ Sommerfeldt, Chris (April 6, 2018). "Parent-killing Menendez brothers "burst into tears" upon reuniting for first time since sentencing". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  40. ^ "Menendez brothers convicted of killing parents reunite in jail". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. April 7, 2018.
  41. ^ "United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit" (PDF). uscourts.gov. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  42. ^ "Law Offices of Cliff Gardner". cliffgardner.com/index.php. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  43. ^ Abrams, Dan (January 18, 2006). "Should single guys trade their pinstripes for prison stripes?". NBC News. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  44. ^ "Parent-killer Menéndez marries in Calif. prison". NBC News. November 23, 2003. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  45. ^ a b c d Hewitt, Bill (November 7, 2005). "Life & Love Behind Bars". People. Vol. 64 no. 19.
  46. ^ "Convicted murderer Erik Menéndez marries in prison". CNN. June 16, 1999. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  47. ^ "Erik Menéndez's life behind bars". ABC News. October 25, 2005. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  48. ^ "Interview with Tammi Menéndez". CNN. December 20, 2005. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  49. ^ "Menéndez brothers convicted in parents' murder 16 years ago". Los Angeles Times. March 20, 2012.
  50. ^ "The Menendez Murders: Erik tells all". The Futon Critic. November 30, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  51. ^ "Mugshots: Menendez Brothers". FilmRise. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  52. ^ www.youtube.com https://www.youtube.com/show/SCCj_184WZveB10wdZv7eaqQ?season=1. Retrieved May 7, 2021. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  53. ^ "The Menendez Brothers: Murder in Beverly Hills". HLN. How it Really Happened with Hill Harper. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. January 27, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
  54. ^ How They Were Caught: The Menendez Brothers, retrieved May 7, 2021
  55. ^ Inside the Menendez Movement l 20/20 l PART 1, retrieved May 7, 2021
  56. ^ Kent, Ellen Goosenberg. "Menendez Brothers – Blood Brothers". Retrieved November 9, 2017 – via www.amazon.com.
  57. ^ OJ still missing, retrieved May 7, 2021
  58. ^ "Log into Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved May 7, 2021. Cite uses generic title (help)
  59. ^ Lyle Menendez: 'Law And Order' Series On His Parents' Murder 'Painful To Watch' | Megyn Kelly Today, retrieved May 7, 2021
  60. ^ Lowry, Brian (September 26, 2017). "'Law & Order True Crime: The Menendez Murders'". CNN (TV review). Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  61. ^ "Menendez trial sketch". Youtube. Saturday Night Live.
  62. ^ "First Got Horny 2 U". Youtube. November 15, 2015. |first= missing |last= (help)
  63. ^ Skiver, Kevin (December 10, 2018). "Menendez brothers appear in background of Mark Jackson basketball card". CBS Sports. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  64. ^ d'Angelo, Bob (December 8, 2018). "Double take: Infamous Menendez brothers and the 1990–91 hoops Mark Jackson". Sports Collectors Daily. Retrieved December 13, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Davis, Don (1994) Bad Blood: The Shocking True Story Behind the Menéndez Killings St. Martin, New York, ISBN 0-312-95334-8
  • Menéndez, Lyle; Novelli, Norma; Walker, Mike; and Spreckels, Judith (1995) The Private Diary of Lyle Menéndez: In His Own Words! Dove Books, Beverly Hills, California, ISBN 0-7871-0474-4
  • Menéndez, Tammi (2005) They Said We'd Never Make It: My Life With Erik Menéndez NewGalen Publishing, Santa Clarita, California, ISBN 0-9768744-0-7
  • Soble, Ronald L. and Johnson, John (1994) Blood Brothers: The Inside Story of the Menéndez Murders Onyx, New York, ISBN 0-451-40547-1
  • Thornton, Hazel; Wrightsman, Lawrence S.; Posey, Amy J. and Scheflin, Alan W. (1995) Hung Jury: The Diary of a Menéndez Juror Temple University Press, Philadelphia; new "20 Years Later" edition updated with new material, Graymalkin Media (2017) ISBN 978-1631681622
  • Rand, Robert (2018) The Menendez Murders: The Shocking Untold Story of the Menendez Family and the Killings that Stunned the Nation BenBella Books ISBN 978-1946885265

External links[edit]