Marian Jaworski

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Marian Jaworski
Archbishop Emeritus of Lviv of the Latins
Marian Jaworski.jpg
Cardinal Marian Jaworski
Installed16 January 1991
Term ended21 October 2008
PredecessorEugeniusz Baziak
SuccessorMieczysław Mokrzycki
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of San Sisto
Ordination25 June 1950
by Eugeniusz Baziak
Consecration23 June 1984
by Franciszek Macharski
Created cardinal21 February 1998
by John Paul II
Personal details
Birth nameMarian Franciszek Jaworski
Born(1926-08-21)21 August 1926
Lwów, Second Polish Republic
Died5 September 2020(2020-09-05) (aged 94)
Kraków, Poland
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post(s)
MottoMihi vivere Christus est (English: To me life is Christ)
Coat of armsMarian Jaworski's coat of arms
Styles of
Marian Jaworski
Coat of arms of Marian Jaworski.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeLviv (emeritus)

Marian Franciszek Jaworski (Ukrainian: Мар'ян Францішек Яворський, 21 August 1926 – 5 September 2020)[1] was a Cardinal Priest and Archbishop of Lviv of the Latins in the Roman Catholic Church. He was a close friend of Pope John Paul II.

Jaworski (middle) with bishops from Lviv: Leon Malyi (left) and Marian Buczek (right) in 2006


Early Years[edit]

Born the son of Wincenty and Stanisława Łastowiecka in Lwów, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine), his family was expelled from Ukraine in 1945 when the Soviets directed a "repatriation drive" for Poles living outside of Poland. Jaworski then studied in Poland at the Lwów Major Seminary and was ordained in Kraków on 25 June 1950. He served as a priest for two years (1950–1952) at a parish near the Ukrainian border before returning to Jagiellonian University to earn a Doctorate in Philosophy. He earned three doctorates by 1965 – one in theology from the Jagiellonian University, and Ph.D.s from the Lublin Catholic University and Warsaw Theological Academy. Jaworski was a professor for several years at the Catholic Theological Academy of Warsaw and later at the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Kraków. He lectured in metaphysics and the philosophy of religion at the seminaries of various religious orders as well. From 1981 to 1987 he was the first rector of the Pontifical Theological Academy of Kraków.[2] He lived near Karol Wojtyla at that time. When Wojtyla was appointed archbishop of the Krakow Archdiocese in 1964, Jaworski was given an apartment in the archbishop's residence.[3] In 1970, he was made secretary of the Polish Bishops' Scientific Council from 1970 to 1984. Jaworski was the Dean of the Pontifical Theological Faculty in Kraków from 1976 to 1981.


On 21 May 1984, Pope John Paul II appointed Jaworski the titular bishop of Lambaesis and apostolic administrator of Lubaczów, receiving episcopal ordination on 23 June 1984. At the time, Pope John Paul II was not able to appoint a new archbishop for Lviv due to Soviet interference. John Paul II asked Jaworski to be the administrator of the archdiocese with from Lubaczow, Poland temporarily. Jaworski was then appointed apostolic administrator of Lviv for territories within Poland in May 1984 and was consecrated bishop on 23 June. When the Soviet Union fell, Jwaski was named Archbishop of Lviv by John Paul II on 16 January 1991 and he began rebuilding the diocese left shattered by 45 years of communist domination. In 1992, Cardinal Jaworski was elected president of the Latin Church Bishops' conference for Ukraine.[3]


At the consistory of 21 February 1998, Jaworski was created Cardinal by John Paul II in pectore, one of four such secret cardinal appointments he made while pope; Jaworski's cardinalate was made public at the consistory of 21 February 2001.[4] He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. He surpassed the age of 80 in 2006, losing the right to participate in future conclaves. In October 2008, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation as archbishop.


Cardinal Jaworski died two weeks after his 94th birthday in 2020. In his condolence letter, Pope Francis recalled Jaworkski's deep friendship with John Paul II, and his close collaboration, as a theologian and philosopher, with Pope Benedict XVI. For his part, Pope Francis said that Jaworski’s cardinalate was announced in 2001, at the same consistory where he, at the time, Archbishop Jorge Bergoglio, was also created a Cardinal.[2]


  • The Philosophy of Person: Solidarity and Cultural Creativity, Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, Series IVA, Vol. 1 (2005).


  1. ^ "Zmarł kard. Marian Jaworski" [Cardinal Priest Marian Jaworski died]. (in Polish). 5 September 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Pope Francis sends condolences on the death of Cardinal Jaworski". Vatican News. Vatican News. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b Catholic New Service (7 September 2020). "Cardinal Jaworski, once a 'secret cardinal,' dies at 94". Crux. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Statistics on the Consistory (21 February 2001)". Vatican Press Office. Retrieved 23 February 2015.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Titular Bishop of Lambaesis
21 May 1984 – 16 January 1991
Succeeded by
Michel Pierre Marie Mouïsse
Preceded by
Marian Jozef Rechowicz
Apostolic Administrator of Lviv
21 May 1984 – 16 January 1991
Promoted to archbishop
Preceded by Archbishop of Lviv
16 January 1991 – 21 October 2008
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Priest of San Sisto
21 February 2001 – 5 September 2020
Succeeded by